Last update: November 22, 2010 12:13:02 PM E-mail Print

 

Analysis of animal production practices in the Allen Water community

in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa  


 B. R. King1*& A.C. Geyer2


1Grootfontein Agricultural Development Institute, Private Bag X529, Middelburg, EC, 5900, South Africa

2National Wool Growers’ Association, P. O. Box 34291, Newton Park, Port Elizabeth, 6055, South Africa

*E-mail: Bryan King

 


 Allen Water, a community near Queenstown, is one of the five multiple livestock and crop farming development projects in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. This development project is a strategy for sustainable, rural livelihood promotion with the overall goal to inspire food security, job creation and improved quality of life for all. This community was surveyed with two questionnaires. The first questionnaire (n= 63) was at household level, focusing on the current socio-economic and farming status. Using the data from the first questionnaire, six typology types were identified, using factors such as land, source of income and modes of farming. These six typology types were also divided into non-livestock farming (types 1, 2 and 3) and livestock farming (types 4, 5 and 6). The second questionnaire was based on the production survey on farming systems. This paper will concentrate on the production survey. Twenty eight households from type 4, 5 and 6 were surveyed with the production questionnaire. The questionnaire concentrated mainly on animal production, but a number of questions had to do with general information concerning agricultural. From the results of the survey, the households reported that the main aim for keeping livestock and chickens was home consumption, except in the case of sheep which are kept for wool production. Farm activities such as mating of animals, grazing, shearing management, dipping and wool sorting are run a by democratically elected committee, who controls all these activities.  From the survey, it is concluded that breeding and management programs for goats, woolled sheep and cattle are lacking in the community. Using information collected from the production questionnaires, extension and research officers have introduced a number of initiatives and started specific projects, to improve the quality of life in the community.