The effect of Cape aloe powder product in controlling sheep roundworms in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

 

M.S. Jansen 1, J.Welgemoed 1and G. Snyman 2

1Dӧhne Agricultural Development Institute, Private Bag X 15, Stutterheim 4930, South Africa.

2Department of Forest and Fisheries, P.O Box 529, Middelburg 5900, South Africa.

Mlungisi Jansen

 

 

Background: Conventional drugs have become expensive and therefore unaffordable to resource-limited farmers, causing farmers to seek low cost alternatives, such as use of medicinal plants. The use of medicinal plants plays a major role in the primary health care of animals in South Africa.

 

Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of Cape aloe powder product in controlling roundworms species in sheep of the Eastern Cape Province in the Southern Africa.

Methodology. Experimental animals of Dohne merino were randomly divided into 4 groups of 12 animals (Mature sheep and lambs) per treatment group and were dosed before the start of the trial with a broad-spectrum (Tramazine) in order to start at zero level of gastro-intestinal parasites. Faecal specimens for parasitology were collected directly from the rectum of sheep twice a month (second week and last week) of the month and were dispatched to Provincial veterinary laboratory for analysis. The adult sheep were expected to be dosed with Cape aloe powder when the eggs per gram (E.P.G) of roundworms level is above the average of 5000 (E.P.G) and lambs when is above the level of 3000 the specific group. The sheep were expected to be dosed with the use of the following guide lines. Group A were allocated to the Control group (no treatment with Cape aloe powder mixture). Group B were expected to be dosed with solution of 75 g of Cape Aloe powder diluted in 1 liter of lukewarm distilled water. Group C were expected were expected to be dosed with solution of 50g of Cape aloe powder diluted in 1 liter of lukewarm distilled water. Group D were expected to be dosed with solution of 25g of Cape aloe powder diluted in 1 liter of lukewarm distilled water. The dosage of 15 ml on mature sheep and 10 ml on lambs was the recommended dosage to all four groups. 

Results and Discussion: During March the (E.P.G) counts of roundworms was above 3000 on Lambs and mature sheep (E.P.G) counts of roundworms was also above 5000 during November of the same year. The trial animals (Group B, C & D) were dosed with cape aloe powder mixture and the control group (A) was treated with levicon on both groups of animals (Adult sheep and lambs). The following results were achieved on lambs after deworming 25g (6550.00±1159.73), 50g (3833.33±1159.73), 75g (3691.66±1159.73) and control group (625.00±1159.730) was highly significant. The adult sheep results after treatment showed 25 (8920.00±1359.16), 50g (5840.00±1359.16), 75g (5800.00±1359.16) and control group (4054.54±1295.90) was also significant.

Conclusion/recommendations: It is evident that treatment with different treatments of cape aloe solution solution failed to reduce the parasite burden or the mean egg count of sheep in the present study. At this stage it is unknown whether other powder products of aloe would also not be effective in the control of roundworms. Alternative different dosages levels need be evaluated to control gastro-intestinal parasites. Good management practises is very important and the averages e.p.g counts of the internal parasites should be kept as low as possible to avoid stock losses.

 

Published

Proc. 51st Congr. S. Afr. Soc. Anim. Sci. Bloemfontein. 10-12 June.